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Neuroscience

Highest-resolution human brain 'parts list' to date lays road map to better treatments

A new study from the Allen Institute for Brain Science has written the most detailed "parts list" of the human brain to date. This categorization of our brain cell types lays the groundwork to improve our understanding of ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Hush, baby—the dog is whimpering!

We are all familiar with the sounds of a cat or dog vying for human attention, and for pet-owners, these sounds are particularly evocative. Dog sounds are especially sad to both cat and dog owners, who actually rate a whimpering ...

Medical research

Scientists discover why brown fat is good for people's health

Rutgers and other scientists have discovered how brown fat, also known as brown adipose tissue, may help protect against obesity and diabetes. Their study in the journal Nature adds to our knowledge about the role of brown ...

Medical research

In cystic fibrosis, lungs feed deadly bacteria

In cystic fibrosis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a much-feared pathogen. The bacterium easily colonizes the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, leading to chronic infections that are almost impossible to eradicate and are ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Study uses real-time fMRI to treat Tourette Syndrome

Characterized by repetitive movements or vocalizations known as tics, Tourette Syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that plagues many adolescents. A study conducted by Yale researchers has trained adolescents with Tourette ...

Oncology & Cancer

Researchers convert pro-tumor macrophages into cancer killers

Epithelial cancers, such as cancers of the lung and pancreas, use the ανβ3 molecule to gain drug resistance to standard cancer therapies and to become highly metastatic. In a paper published in Cancer Research, University ...

Neuroscience

New brain map could improve AI algorithms for machine vision

Despite years of research, the brain still contains broad areas of unchartered territory. A team of scientists, led by neuroscientists from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and University of Sydney, recently found new evidence ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Is it autism? The line is getting increasingly blurry

Around the world, the number of people diagnosed with autism is rising. In the United States, the prevalence of the disorder has grown from 0.05% in 1966 to more than 2% today. In Quebec, the reported prevalence is close ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Texas cities increasingly susceptible to large measles outbreaks

The growing number of children arriving at Texas schools unvaccinated makes the state increasingly vulnerable to measles outbreaks in cities large and small, according to a computer simulation created by the University of ...

Medical research

Biomarkers indicate health in old age

Researchers on aging from the Max Planck Institute for Biology of aging and the Leiden University Medical Center collaborate to link basic insights from model organisms to the causes of aging in humans. Now, they have found ...