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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

French doctor: Virus from China seems less serious than SARS

The lead doctor treating two Paris hospital patients for the new virus in China said Saturday that the illness appears less serious than comparable outbreaks of the past and that the chance of a European epidemic appears ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Can lithium halt progression of Alzheimer's disease?

There remains a controversy in scientific circles today regarding the value of lithium therapy in treating Alzheimer's disease. Much of this stems from the fact that because the information gathered to date has been obtained ...

Addiction

Opioid dependence found to permanently change brains of rats

Approximately one-quarter of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain misuse them, with five to 10 percent developing an opioid use disorder or addiction. In a new study, published Jan. 14, 2020 in PNAS, researchers ...

Diabetes

Keto diet works best in small doses, researchers find

A ketogenic diet—which provides 99 percent of calories from fat and protein and only 1 percent from carbohydrates—produces health benefits in the short term, but negative effects after about a week, Yale researchers found ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Imbalance between serotonin and dopamine in social anxiety disorder

The balance between the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine may affect whether a person develops social anxiety disorder. Previous research has mainly focused on either the serotonin or the dopamine system individually. ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Marburg virus found in Sierra Leone bats

Scientists have detected Marburg virus in fruit bats in Sierra Leone, marking the first time the deadly virus has been found in West Africa. Eleven Egyptian rousette fruit bats tested positive for active Marburg virus infection. ...

Medical research

Cell network mapping reveals rewiring in colorectal cancer

An international consortium of researchers from Australia, Ireland, the UK, Europe, and Canada, has painstakingly mapped an intracellular network that could open the door to discovering new targeted treatments for colorectal ...

Neuroscience

Optical stimulation causes marmosets to move their forelimbs

RIKEN neuroscientists have succeeded in getting marmosets to move their forelimbs when they shine laser light on the motor cortex—the brain region responsible for planning, conducting and controlling voluntary movements. ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Map tracks coronavirus outbreak in near real time

The Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering has built and is regularly updating an online dashboard for tracking the worldwide spread of the coronavirus outbreak that began in the Chinese city of Wuhan.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

First clinical studies find Wuhan virus closely resembles SARS

The new coronavirus rapidly spreading in China and nearby countries seems to trigger symptoms similar to those seen in the severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (SARS) coronavirus outbreak in 2003, two new studies show.