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Psychology & Psychiatry

Culture shapes how we learn to reason?

If you made any plans for next week, congratulations! You've demonstrated a key feature of being human: being able to think beyond the here and now—or, think abstractly. But when babies learn different kinds of abstract ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Non-invasive, more precise preimplantation genetic test under development for IVF embryos

Selecting the best possible embryo to implant in a woman undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complicated task. As success rates for IVF have improved, many clinics now implant a single embryo during an IVF cycle—with ...

Neuroscience

Understanding brain activity when you name what you see

You see an object, you think of its name and then you say it. This apparently simple activity engages a set of brain regions that must interact with each other to produce the behavior quickly and accurately. A report published ...

Neuroscience

Settling the debate on serotonin's role in sleep

Serotonin is a multipurpose molecule found throughout the brain, playing a role in memory, cognition, and feelings of happiness and other emotions. In particular, researchers have long debated serotonin's role in sleep: Does ...

Medical research

Helping the body's ability to grow bone

For the first time, scientists have been able to study how well synthetic bone grafts stand up to the rigors and 'strains' of life, and how quickly they help bone re-grow and repair.

Neuroscience

Mood neurons mature during adolescence

Researchers have discovered a mysterious group of neurons in the amygdala—a key center for emotional processing in the brain—that stay in an immature, prenatal developmental state throughout childhood. Most of these cells ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

An 'awe-full' state of mind can set you free

An induced feeling of awe, or state of wonder, may be the best strategy yet for alleviating the discomfort that comes from uncertain waiting.

Medical research

New therapy promotes vascular repair following stroke

Following a stroke, antibodies that inhibit the signaling molecule Nogo-A can help repair blood vessels in the affected brain regions. This also promotes the regaining of motor functions, researchers at the University of ...

Genetics

Gene networks reveal transition from healthy to failing heart

Scientists investigating heart failure have been limited to studying diseased heart tissue in the lab—understandably, as people don't tend to pluck out a healthy heart for the sake of research. But now, scientists with ...

Medical research

Could coffee be the secret to fighting obesity?

Scientists from the University of Nottingham have discovered that drinking a cup of coffee can stimulate 'brown fat', the body's own fat-fighting defenses, which could be the key to tackling obesity and diabetes.

Cardiology

Young women who smoke face highest risk of major heart attack

Smoking increases both men's and women's risk of a major heart attack at all ages, but women smokers have a significantly higher increased risk compared to men, especially women under 50 years old, according to a study in ...