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Autism spectrum disorders news

Autism spectrum disorders

Infants later diagnosed with autism follow adults' gaze, but seldom initiate joint attention themselves

In typical development, both infants and their parents flexibly use verbal and non-verbal behaviors to establish frequent episodes of joint attention, such as when a child follows her parent's gaze to look at an airplane ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Difficulties with reading and narration in children with autism

Children with autism may be good at reading a text one word at a time, but simultaneously have problems in understanding and retelling the content of what they read. Research now shows the importance, for these children, ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Tool helps kids with autism improve socialization skills

A team of NIH-funded researchers at Stanford University Medical School has found that children with autism improved measurably on a test of socialization and learning when their therapy included an at-home intervention with ...

Neuroscience

Brain changes in autism traced to specific cell types

Changes in gene activity in specific brain cells are associated with the severity of autism in children and young adults with the disorder, according to a UC San Francisco study of postmortem brain tissue. The study's new ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Can medical marijuana help kids with autism?

(HealthDay)—Medical marijuana extracts appear to help children with autism, reducing their disruptive behavior while improving their social responsiveness, a new Israeli clinical trial reports.

Neuroscience

Autism gene linked to brain and behavior deficits in mice

Mice lacking the gene Shank3 display structural and functional deficits in the prefrontal cortex, finds a study published in JNeurosci. The research advances our understanding of one of the most common genetic risk factors ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Autism diagnoses prove highly stable as early as 14 months

Diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by trained professionals in children as young as 14 months are remarkably stable, suggesting that accurate screening and earlier treatment is feasible, report scientists at University ...

Genetics

Study links gene to sleep problems in autism

Up to 80 percent of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience sleep problems. The source of these problems has been as much of a mystery as the exact causes of ASD, which scientists are still working to unravel. ...

Autism spectrum disorders

New guide to help manage anxiety in autism

Around 40% of autistic children, young people and adults are believed to have one or more anxiety disorders, compared to 10-15% of the general population.

Autism spectrum disorders

Fecal transplant helps improve behavior in kids with autism

In the first published example of how the gut may play a role in autism, scientists have found that a "fecal transplant" helped to substantially improve behavior and gastrointestinal health in children with the neurodevelopmental ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Autism rate rises 43 percent in New Jersey, study finds

A new report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which uses research by Rutgers University, shows a significant increase in the percentage of 4-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder in New Jersey.