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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Multidrug-resistant malaria spreading in Asia

Multidrug-resistant forms of Plasmodium falciparum parasites, the most lethal species causing human malaria, have evolved even higher levels of resistance to antimalarial drugs and spread rapidly since 2015, becoming firmly ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New opportunities for treating kidney failure

Our kidneys can sense when we need them to work a bit harder. As the intestines begin to produce more waste products, the kidneys start to work harder to excrete them. Researchers at, among others, Utrecht University and ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

First impressions go a long way in the immune system

First impressions are important—they can set the stage for the entire course of a relationship. The same is true for the impressions the cells of our immune system form when they first meet a new bacterium. Using this insight, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Why declaring Ebola a public health emergency isn't a silver bullet

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. It took the decision based on International Health Regulations ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Rabies: How it spreads and how to protect yourself

A 21-year-old Canadian man recently died of rabies—a disease that kills an estimated 59,000 people a year internationally but hasn't infected a person in Canada since 2007.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

FRAX score underestimates risk for fracture in multiple sclerosis

(HealthDay)—Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a risk factor for major fractures independent of the Fracture Risk Assessment tool (FRAX) score, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

War-weakened South Sudan tries to prepare for Ebola

With the deadly Ebola outbreak in Congo now an international emergency , neighboring South Sudan and its war-weakened health system is a major concern, especially after one case was confirmed near its border. Health experts ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Higher eGFR at dialysis initiation tied to lower survival in children

(HealthDay)—In children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), a higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at dialysis initiation is associated with lower survival, particularly among children whose initial treatment ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Current antibiotic stewardship program practices characterized

(HealthDay)—Current infection prevention and antibiotic stewardship program practices continue to include a main focus on surveillance for multidrug-resistant organisms, according to a report published online July 17 in ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Recommendations developed for japanese encephalitis vaccine

(HealthDay)—In the July 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for use of the Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine.

Genetics

Study sheds light on the darker parts of our genetic heritage

More than half of our genome consists of transposons,DNA sequences that are reminiscent of ancient, extinct viruses.Transposons are normally silenced by a process known as DNA methylation, but their activation can lead to ...

Genetics

Molecular cause for severe multi-organ syndrome

Three unrelated families on three continents (from continental Portugal, the United States and Brazil), all with healthy ancestors, had children with a very rare multi-organ condition that causes early-onset retinal degeneration, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Ivacaftor may reduce common infections in patients with CF

Patients with cystic fibrosis who take ivacaftor appear to have fewer respiratory infections over time than those not taking the drug, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.