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Neuroscience news

Health

Exposure to PM 2.5 pollution linked to brain atrophy, memory decline

Women in their 70s and 80s who were exposed to higher levels of air pollution experienced greater declines in memory and more Alzheimer's-like brain atrophy than their counterparts who breathed cleaner air, according to USC ...

Neuroscience
Neuroscience

How the brain detects the rhythms of speech

Neuroscientists at UC San Francisco have discovered how the listening brain scans speech to break it down into syllables. The findings provide for the first time a neural basis for the fundamental atoms of language and insights ...

Neuroscience

Walking changes vision

How do we perceive our environment? What is the influence of sensory stimuli on the peripheral nervous system and what on the brain? Science has an interest in this question for many reasons. In the long term, insights from ...

Medical research

Doctors find a cure for rare uncontrollable laughter condition

Laughter is the best medicine, except when it is actually the symptom of an illness. Medical residents at the University of Hawaiʻi (UH) helped to find relief for a man who suffered from nearly a lifelong affliction that ...

Neuroscience

The ever-changing brain: Shining a light on synaptic plasticity

Synapses allow neurons to communicate with one another. In the synapse, one neuron emits chemical messengers called neurotransmitters, and an adjacent neuron receives them using tiny structures called receptors. A specific ...

Medications

New type of drug might ease migraines

(HealthDay)—Migraine sufferers who cannot get relief from existing medications may soon have a novel treatment option, a new trial suggests.

Neuroscience

Optic nerve ultrasound may ID increased intracranial pressure

(HealthDay)—Optic nerve ultrasonography can help diagnose increased intracranial pressure with high specificity and sensitivity for patients with traumatic and nontraumatic brain injury, according to a review published ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Researchers describe catatonia in Down syndrome

Down syndrome, due to an extra chromosome 21, occurs in 250,000 children and adults in the United States, making it the country's most common chromosomal disorder. Inherited heart defects, thyroid cancer, celiac disease and ...

Neuroscience

Scientists develop a new method to detect light in the brain

Researchers from Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) and University of Salento, both in Lecce, Italy, and Harvard Medical School in Boston have developed a new light-based method to capture and pinpoint the epicenter of ...